Posted on

Study Reveals Alarming Impact of Violent Child Discipline Practices on Early Childhood Development

National Survey Highlights Urgent Need for Positive Parenting Programs

A groundbreaking study using nationally representative data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey Bangladesh 2019 has shed light on the concerning link between violent child discipline practices at home and the early childhood development (ECD) of children aged 36 to 59 months.

The research, conducted to explore the gradient of the relationship between various child discipline practices and ECD, uncovered alarming statistics. Approximately 94% of children experienced at least one of the eight violent disciplinary measures in the month preceding the survey.

While three-quarters of the children were found to be on track in their ECD, the study revealed a significant correlation between the use of violent disciplinary practices and developmental delays in young children. The probability of children being on track in ECD increased with non-violent disciplinary practices but decreased sharply with the use of violent disciplinary measures.

The study utilized multivariable logistic regression and three sets of summative indexes to measure the gradients of this relationship. The analysis focused on the physical, literacy-numeracy, learning, and social-emotional domains of early childhood development.

“For one unit increase in the overall violent disciplinary index, the odds of children being on track in their ECD was reduced by 12%,” the study reported. This reduction was statistically significant, with an adjusted odds ratio of 0.88 (95%CI: 0.86–0.91), emphasizing the detrimental impact of violent disciplinary measures on children’s developmental progress.

The findings have prompted a call for urgent action to address the issue. The study recommends banning violent punishments in all settings and implementing positive parenting programs to provide parents with effective and non-violent discipline strategies.

Experts and child development advocates are urging policymakers, educators, and parents to work collaboratively to create a supportive environment for children’s growth and well-being. The study’s revelations underscore the need for a collective effort to ensure that children are raised in a nurturing and violence-free atmosphere conducive to their optimal development.


Posted on Leave a comment

Study Finds COVID-19 Pandemic Linked to Delayed Early Childhood Development

In a study recently published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, the COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching effects on society, including its impact on the development of young children. A recent cohort study conducted in Japan has revealed alarming findings regarding the association between the pandemic and early childhood development.

The study, which involved 447 children aged 1 to 3 years and 440 children aged 3 to 5 years, aimed to examine the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and early childhood development. The research was conducted in accredited nursery centers in a Japanese municipality, with baseline surveys conducted between 2017 and 2019, followed by a two-year period of observation during the pandemic.

The key findings of the study were as follows:

Delayed Development at Age 5: Children who were exposed to the pandemic during their early years were found to be significantly behind in their development compared to those who were not exposed. Specifically, these children were 4.39 months behind in development by the time they reached age 5.

Widening Developmental Variations: The study noted that variations in development were more pronounced during the pandemic, irrespective of the children’s age. This indicates that the pandemic’s impact on development affected children across the board.

Quality of Nursery Care: The quality of care provided at nursery centers was identified as a significant factor. Higher-quality care was associated with more positive development outcomes, especially in children aged 3 years during the pandemic.

Parental Depression: The study found that parental depression appeared to amplify the negative association between the pandemic and delayed development at age 5. This suggests that children with parents experiencing depression were particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of the pandemic on their development.

The study’s results highlight the profound and lasting impact that the COVID-19 pandemic has had on early childhood development. While previous research has examined the pandemic’s effect on school-aged children, this study emphasizes the importance of considering younger children as well.

Researchers stressed the need to identify children who may have been affected by the pandemic’s disruptions and to provide them with appropriate support. This support should encompass various aspects of child development, including learning, socialization, physical and mental health, and family support.

The findings from this study underscore the importance of recognizing the challenges faced by young children and their families during the pandemic and the necessity of implementing interventions to mitigate the negative consequences on their development. As the world continues to navigate the ongoing challenges of the pandemic, these insights are critical in ensuring the well-being and future prospects of our youngest generation.