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Groundbreaking Study Reveals Alarming Prevalence of Carotid Atherosclerosis in China

In the first-of-its-kind study, researchers examine over 10.7 million Chinese adults, unveiling widespread carotid atherosclerosis and identifying high-risk factors.

Key Findings:

  • High Prevalence: A cross-sectional study involving more than 10.7 million Chinese adults reveals alarming prevalence rates of increased carotid intima-media thickness (26.2%), carotid plaque (21.0%), and carotid stenosis (0.56%).
  • High-Risk Populations: Older individuals, males, residents in northern regions, and those with cardiovascular risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia exhibit significantly higher burden across all subtypes of carotid atherosclerosis.
  • Regional Disparities: Substantial variations are observed across different geographic regions, emphasizing the need for targeted regional planning and management strategies.

Implications and Recommendations: The study underscores the urgent necessity of identifying and monitoring carotid atherosclerosis progression, particularly in high-risk populations. The findings emphasize the importance of tailored prevention and management programs for individuals with cardiovascular risk factors.

Call to Action: The study advocates for the implementation of health policies and strategies targeting vulnerable populations, stressing the need for increased awareness, screening, and intervention programs to curb the rising burden of carotid atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular diseases in China.

Credit: JAMA Network Open, Jingzhu Fu